‘Eastern Bloc’ refers to the former communist states of Central and Eastern Europe, generally the Soviet Union and the countries of the Warsaw Pact. These countries include Czechoslovakia, Romania, East Germany, Bulgaria, Poland and Hungary. The term Communist Bloc was used to denote the groups of states associated with the Soviet Union.
European Communist Countries (sourced 22 april 2013)
These European countries experienced communism and their dictators relied on spectacle in order to create and maintain their citizen’s compliance to their communist ideology and used fear, oppression, arrests and killings to suppress the public but in the end mass revolts helped restore democracy. “Whoever becomes the ruler of a city that is accustomed to freedom and does not destroy it can expect to be destroyed by it, for it can always find a pretext for rebellion in the name of its former freedom” (Debord 2009:113).
“Communist states claim to be guided by a specific law of interpretations and goals – these are Marxism-Leninism” (Wesson 1978:13) and there is quite a lot of similarities within these countries during the periods they experienced communism. These similarities include totalitarian rule, dictatorship, food shortages and terrible war crimes.
Communist societies are very militaristic and include long periods of military duty, glorification of military heroism, cult of leadership and of violence and loyalty is the basic virtue (Wesson 1978:12-13).