In January 1968, Alexander Dubcek comes to power when he was elected as the First Secretary of Communist Party of Czechoslovakia. Alexander Dubcek tried to liberalise the country’s communist regime by introducing free speech and freedom of assembly. Dubcek wanted to democratise the nation and lessen the stranglehold Moscow had on the nation’s affair. The Prague Spring of 1968 is a term used during the brief period of time when Alexander Dubcek led the government of Czechoslovakia. The Prague Spring ended with a Soviet Invasion, the removal of Alexander Dubcek as party leader and an end to reform within Czechoslovakia. The Soviet Union and all members of the Warsaw Pact except Romania intruded Czechoslovakia to halt reforms. Over 100 people were killed and the Communist leaders, including Alexander Dubcek were arrested and taken to Moscow. Alexander Dubcek attempt to grant additional rights to the citizens (less restriction on the media, speech and travel) through the Prague Spring reform.
The Prague Spring reform also caused the country to be divided into a federation of three republics, Bohemia, Moravia-Silesia and Slovakia, where Dubcek oversaw the decision to split it into two, the Czech Republic and Slovak Republic. The split was the only change that survived the end of Prague Spring.
Foong Lin Liew